Dentures are artificial teeth and gums that dentists create to replace missing or extracted natural teeth. They can be full or partial, meaning they can replace all of the teeth in the upper or lower gumline, or just a few that are missing. Regardless of the type of dentures you need, they will be custom designed to fit your mouth and will visually fit your existing teeth. When people lose a tooth, they often go to their periodontist or dentist for advice on the ideal way to replace missing teeth.
One common way is through the use of dentures. A denture is a removable device that serves as a replacement for missing teeth and tissues that may have been damaged due to gum disease or the loss of a tooth. Dentures come in two forms: full dentures and partial dentures. Full dentures consist of a gum-colored base made of plastic resin, which is placed over the remaining alveolar (bone) ridge that formerly held the teeth.
Prosthetic teeth that project from the base are designed to look and work just like your natural teeth. Dentures are held in place primarily by the suction effect of their tight fit against the alveolar ridges, which is why it is so important that they are placed correctly. The upper denture also receives additional support thanks to the large surface area of the roof of the mouth (palate), which generally makes it extremely stable. Partial dentures or bridges also consist of replacement teeth attached to a pink or gum-colored plastic base, which is sometimes connected by a metal structure that holds the dentures in place in the mouth.
Partial dentures are used when one or more natural teeth remain in the upper or lower jaw. A fixed bridge replaces one or more teeth by placing crowns on the teeth on both sides of the space and placing artificial teeth on them. This bridge is then cemented instead. A partial denture not only fills in the spaces created by missing teeth, but it also prevents other teeth from changing position.
A precision partial denture is removable and has internal accessories instead of clasps that attach to adjacent crowns. This is a more natural looking device. We carefully check the shape and function of dentures to ensure that they work and fit correctly. Once the necessary changes have been made, it is generally suggested that you remove your dentures before bed.
While this may be difficult in the short term, it won't take long for you to get used to your new dentures and return to your regular diet. Overdentures are an alternative that can be used if traditional dentures are extremely uncomfortable or if you have some natural teeth left. In most cases, conventional dentures are ready for use in the mouth eight to twelve weeks after the teeth are extracted. On the other hand, denture adhesive is not a solution that is used as a temporary or long-term solution for poorly constructed or ill-fitting dentures.
There are several types of dental implants, some of which can be used to support a bridge, eliminating the need for a denture. If your dentures are properly shaped and fitted, but you want to increase bite force or stability, an adhesive may be beneficial. While this may be temporarily uncomfortable, it's the quickest way to identify areas of the denture that may need adjustment. In the past, artificial teeth were made of porcelain or plastic, but more modern dentures are generally made of hard resin.
If you're still not sure if dentures are right for you or if you have other questions or concerns, talk to your dentist at your next regular dental checkup to discuss the right path for you. Be sure to call your dentist if a denture breaks, cracks, or chips, or if one of the teeth becomes loose. A better option is to switch to a set of conventional full dentures, which will last longer and fit better.